What is diabetes?
The full name of diabetes which we know as diabetes is ‘diabetes mellitus’. Salt (salt-like honey) Sweet urine like honey means diabetes mellitus aka ‘diabetes mellitus’. From now on, for the sake of simplicity, the disease is referred to only as diabetes. In a diabetic patient, there is a deficiency of endocrine insulin, which regulates glucose in the body.
The main function of insulin is to carry glucose molecules from the blood into the patient’s cells. Due to the lack of insulin, glucose molecules cannot reach the patient’s cells from the blood. As a result, even though the body has plenty of glucose, the body’s cells cannot use it.
The condition of the body becomes like a state full of disorder and chaos in which people die of starvation despite the abundance of food. Even though there is plenty of glucose in the body, the cells of a diabetic patient suffer from a lack of glucose.
As blood glucose levels rise (more than 120 mg / dL), excess blood glucose begins to be excreted in the urine. This important component of nourishing the body is thus wasted and the patient’s condition worsens. He feels very hungry, thirsty, and urinates a lot; And in the long run, damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, etc. can lead to many complications.
What is the normal sugar in the blood and urine of a healthy person?
First of all, let’s understand what “sugar” means. “Sugar” can mean “sugar” in Gujarati or “sugar” in Sanskrit. Usually, when it comes to “sugar” in the blood or urine, it is considered to be glucose. Glucose is an important fuel that energizes the body’s cells.
Our diet consists of three main components of energy – carbohydrates; Protein and fat. The carbohydrates that make up the largest of these three are found in many different forms of food. Cereals, lentils, potatoes, sweet potatoes, tubers, fruits, vegetables, etc. have a very large share of carbohydrates.
When carbohydrates are ingested in different forms, most of the food is eventually converted into glucose after digestion. If you have not eaten during the night, the next morning on an empty stomach you will find about 8 to 115 mg of glucose per 100 ml of blood in a healthy person.
After a meal, the digested glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream within two to three hours. Blood glucose levels rise dramatically during a period of about half an hour to two hours after a daily meal There should be no sugar.
Eat a variety of foods
Instead of eating the same foods every day, eat a variety of foods. Instead of the same type of cereal-bean-vegetable or fruit, choose different types of cereal-bean-vegetable or fruit on a daily basis so that different tastes can be enjoyed and the ingredients in one type of food can be compensated by another food. If you get more potassium in some fruits, you will get more vitamins in others.
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Eat as much as you use
Eat as much energy (calories) as you can use for various activities and exercise during the day. Eating foods that are more potent than you can consume on a daily basis will help you lose weight, which can be dangerous for your health.
Diabetics who are overweight should plan their diet in such a way that they get about 200 kcal less energy than they use for daily activities and exercise. It is easier to control diabetes if you lose half or one kilogram of weight every month and lose five kilograms a year and maintain the weight loss.
There is no need to go hungry to reduce the energy (calories) you get from food. But low-calorie foods need to be chosen. Ghee-oil-butter-meat etc. are high fat and high-calorie foods. While salads, vegetables, fruits, etc. are relatively low calorie and low-fat foods. Increase the intake of vegetables, salads, fruits in the diet, and stop eating fried, Farsan, ghee sweets, biscuits, meat, etc.
Choose more salty foods
Dietary fiber should be sufficient in the diet of every healthy person. Patients with diabetes should make sure that they have enough fiber in their diet. The fibers prevent the sudden rise of sugar in the blood. As well as preventing cholesterol from rising.
Whole grains and legumes are high in fiber. Cereal grains (e.g. barley, Kodari, Samo, Nagli), etc. have more fiber. So give preference to small grain grains instead of large grain grains like wheat-rice etc. Similarly, choose to use hand-milled rice and wheat flour instead of milled rice. Instead of lentils and peeled fruits, if possible, make it a habit to eat all fruits without peeling. The roots have relatively few fibers. Prefer vegetables instead.
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Eat less cholesterol and less saturated fat
Cholesterol and fat reduction are responsible for most of the long-term complications that occur in diabetics. Cholesterol comes from milk and non-vegetarian foods while vegetable oils contain saturated fats from which cholesterol is made. Circulating fat damages the blood vessels of diabetics, narrowing and hardening the blood vessels, which can lead to heart disease or gangrene of the legs.
Non-vegetarian and ghee-cream – Stop consuming butter is beneficial for diabetics. In addition, use only oil as a vegetable supplement and stop using fried items and mouth-watering items (Bhakri-Thalpa, puri, paratha, etc.). All biscuits contain hydrogenated vegetable ghee, which is extremely dangerous for the arteries and it is desirable to stop consuming it completely.
Eat foods that are not high in sugar.
It is not uncommon for a diabetic to discontinue sugary foods, but it is important for diabetics as well as every healthy person to be careful not to exceed four teaspoons (twenty grams) a day. Excessive sweetness provides only energy (calories) without vitamins and fiber.
Which is dangerous for long term health. If sugar is to be “added” to the diet, the number of other carbohydrates (starch, etc.) should be reduced so that the total calories do not increase.
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Reduce consumption of salt soda-papad
Diabetes and hypertension are associated with each other. If one happens then the chances of getting another disease are greatly increased. High blood pressure in a diabetic patient increases the risk of kidney and heart damage. To prevent this from happening, it is important for every diabetic patient to reduce their intake of sodium-containing items such as salt-soda-papad.
A total of six grams of salt in the daily diet is more than enough salt. One pinch (made up of two fingers and thumbs) contains about two grams of salt so it is desirable not to use more than three pinches of salt per person. It is also important to limit the use of soda-containing dishes and fursonas (e.g. Ganthiya, Fafda, Papadi, etc.).
Stay away from addictions
Tobacco-alcohol addiction harms a healthy person as well as diabetics. Absolute avoidance of such addictions is essential for diabetics.